'Trigger warnings' widely used for years...but at what cost?

"Trigger warnings" have a years-long, storied history on America's college campuses, despite recent studies showing they do not work. 

A recent Harvard study found “no evidence” that trigger warnings are helpful, and that they, in fact, may harm actual trauma survivors because they “countertherapeutically reinforce survivors' view of their trauma as central to their identity.”

A similar 2018 study found that trigger warnings actually increase anxiety and “emotional vulnerability.”

[RELATED: Most college grads say campus climate prevents them from expressing beliefs]

Despite studies showing they do not work, professors and students alike have used trigger warnings for years to warn the world about any potentially disturbing content, inside and outside of the classroom.

Last year, NYU professor Nirit Gordon published an essay titled, “Trigger warnings and the unformulated experience,” in which she urged her colleagues to adopt the use of trigger warnings, claiming they were “imperative” to the classroom.

Gordon argued that criticisms of trigger warnings are rooted in societal pressure to “dissociate” from emotions. 

“It could be argued that the debate here is about psychic fragility of college students who refuse to confront issues,” Gordon conceded, but asserted that trigger warning skepticism is actually the result of “the fear of instructors to permit the personal to enter the classroom.”

She also implied that opposition to such warnings were misogynistic because “emotional proclivities are equated with femininity.”

[RELATED: Harvard study: 'No evidence' trigger warnings help, may actually hurt trauma survivors]

In 2016, NPR conducted a survey revealing that 51 percent of college professors admitted to having used trigger warnings in their courses. Of those, 3.4 percent claimed that they had been asked to do so by students. None of these professors said they could remember a time when a student decided to opt-out of a lesson to avoid potentially triggering content.

The trend extends outside of the classroom, with some colleges requiring students to warn others ahead of time before participating in certain types of speech.  

With the help of the Alliance Defending Freedom, Students for Life of America sued the Miami University of Ohio in late 2017 for requiring

Read more: https://www.campusreform.org/?ID=13462

STUDY: LESS borrowing tied to LESS success in and out of college

A recent Brown University study showed that community college students who are urged to borrow less suffer academically when compared to peers who borrow more.

The study also showed that increased borrowing could lead to greater financial success after college, Inside Higher Ed reported.

Co-written by Andrew Barr, assistant professor of economics at Texas A&M University; Kelli Bird, assistant professor of education at the University of Virginia; and Ben Castleman, associate professor of education at UVA, the study raises questions about borrowing and the increasing messaging that encourages would-be students to make educational choices based on affordability. 

Barr, Bird, and Castleman measured the correlation between borrowing and academics by creating a one-month outreach campaign that gave students at the Community College of Baltimore County information regarding their student loan debt. Students who opted into the text messaging campaign lowered their borrowing by an average of seven percent, or $200.

[RELATED: VIDEO: Students slam AOC’s support for erasing $1.6 TRILLION in student debt]

However, these students were four percent less likely to earn credits and three percent more likely to fail a class in the semester during which borrowing was reduced. Barr hypothesized that students who borrowed less turned to work to cover other expenses, thus potentially affecting how much time could be put toward academics. 

“While the data don’t allow us to pin down why the reduced borrowing led to this result, we know that students are using financial resources from their loans to support their everyday schooling and living expenses,” the co-author told Campus Reform. “If they reduce borrowing, they are likely cutting back on their expenses or spending more time working to cover their costs. Either of these choices could explain their worse academic performance.”

Barr told Inside Higher Ed that “there clearly are downsides to borrowing for certain people.”

“But there is a reason we have student loans,” he added. “It allows students to finance their education. And for certain students, if you reduce the amount they perceive they can borrow, they seem to do worse.”

[RELATED: Fed gov’t report to colleges: Require financial literacy courses to slow student loan crisis]

Other findings from the study showed tha

Read more: https://www.campusreform.org/?ID=13461

Colorado State: 'Avoid' using 'Americans,' 'America'

Colorado State University claims that “American” is a non-inclusive word that should be avoided.

CSU's online Inclusive Language Guide, compiled by the school’s Inclusive Communications Task Force, lists certain words and phrases to avoid while providing  replacements in an effort to help “communicators practice inclusive language and [help] everyone on [its] campus feel welcomed, respected, and valued.” The school's Women and Gender Collaborative website directly links to the document. 

[RELATED: Minnesota town's Pledge of Allegiance ban shouldn't shock. It's now commonplace on campus.]

CSU lists both “American” and “America” as non-inclusive words "to avoid," due to the fact that America encompasses more than just the U.S. By referring to the U.S. as America, the guide claims that one “erases other cultures and depicts the United States as the dominant American country.” The school suggests using “U.S. citizen” or “person from the U.S.” as substitutes. 

The university additionally lists many gendered words and phrases to avoid. These include “male,” “female,” “ladies and gentlemen,” and “Mr./Mrs./Ms.” 

“Male and female refers to biological sex and not gender,” says the guide. “In terms of communication methods (articles, social media, etc.), we very rarely need to identify or know a person’s biological sex and more often are referring to gender.”

[RELATED: VIDEO: Students say America is NOT the greatest country on Earth]

“Straight” is another word to avoid, according to CSU. The guide explained that “when used to describe heterosexuals, the term straight implies that anyone LGBT is ‘crooked’ or not normal,” and says to use the word “heterosexual” instead.

“Normal person” was also listed as a phrase to avoid because it “implies that ‘other’ people… are not whole or regular people.” The guide offered no substitute word because it claimed that it is never appropriate to use the phrase to describe someone.

According to the list, the phrase “handicap parking” should also not be used because it can “minimize personhood” and offend disabled people. The guide recommends “accessible parking” as an

Read more: https://www.campusreform.org/?ID=13460

Obama DHS Sec. turned UC pres. trashes immigration agency she once oversaw

University of California System President Janet Napolitano denounced large-scale immigration enforcement on Sunday, claiming that such efforts “are designed to strike fear in our immigrant communities” and adding that “the University of California will not be a willing participant in them.”

“We will continue to stand by the privacy and civil rights of our undocumented community,” Napolitano, former President Barack Obama's Department of Homeland Security Secretary, which oversees ICE, said, further promising that UC police would not help federal immigration officers investigate or make arrests in federal immigration law cases.

UC spokeswoman Claire Doan declined to comment further on the matter, saying that Napolitano’s statement “speaks for itself.”

Former Vice President and 2020 Democrat presidential candidate Joe Biden is under criticism from the Left because, like under the Trump administration, mass deportations of illegal immigrants also occurred under the Obama administration, in which Napolitano also served. 

Politico  estimated that up to 3 million individuals were deported during the Obama administration. 

[RELATED: Public university shares “Toolkit” to combat ‘Trump’s deportation machinery’]

Many individual universities within the system issued their own statements. 

Mirroring Napolitano, UC Merced Chancellor Dorothy Leland claimed in her own statement that this type of immigration enforcement is “orchestrated to strike fear in immigrant communities.”  Leland’s statement went on to provide a list of campus facilities she said ICE agents should have a judicial warrant in order to enter, including locker rooms, kitchens, and storage facilities. 

UC Davis Chancellor Gary May issued a statement “wholeheartedly endorsing” Napolitano’s, calling on students and employees to be “compassionate in an atmosphere of fear.” He also encouraged illegal students to contact the university’s Undocumented Student Center, which provides free legal consultations and bicycles to illegal immigrant students.

[RELATED: UW Madison police chief: Immigration status ‘immaterial’ to our goal]

The California Community College System followed the example of its university counterpart, stating that “all students have access to an edu

Read more: https://www.campusreform.org/?ID=13458

Do colleges 'incubate' Antifa violence? Fmr. member says yes (VIDEO)

Former Antifa member turned conservative activist Gabriel Nadales says today's Antifa members are getting their philosophies from federal taxpayer-funded university campuses. The comment comes just days after the far-left group staged two separate attacks on federal immigration detention centers, one in Colorado and one in Washington State. 

Nadales, who is a Regional Field Coordinator for Campus Reform's parent organization the Leadership Institute, joined Fox News' Tucker Carlson Tuesday night to discuss his past experience with the radical group, what he believes is driving the violence, and how to reverse it. 

"People are being attacked because of Antifa. We need to be able to hold Antifa accountable," Nadales said. 

[RELATED: Dartmouth scholar endorses Antifa violence]

Recalling the time he spent as part of the group known as Antifa, Nadales said that "back then it was just a group that went down to go protest against what we thought were fascists. However, Antifa is far more violent today than it ever was." 

Nadales added that in order to understand the group that perpetuates such violence, "we have to go into the college campuses." 

"Throughout the country, we have a lot of different professors who are advocating for violence," Nadales continued, citing examples such as Dartmouth University professor Mark Bray who has promoted political violence, as documented by Campus Reform, as well as a more recent instance in which a Colorado State University professor who said she is "ready" to punch political opponents "in the neck."

"Unfortunately we are seeing a resurgence of political violence by the Left," Nadales said, while citing these examples. 

Carlson then asked Nadales if he believes that Antifa is "being incubated on college campuses....by professors." 

"I think so," Nadales said. "I think that's where they're getting a lot of their philosophy from." 

[RELATED: Inspired by Michelle Obama, Colorado prof vows to ‘punch’ political opponents ‘in the neck’]

WATCH: 

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Follow the author of this article on Facebook: @JonStreetDC and Twitter: @JonStreet

Read more: https://www.campusreform.org/?ID=13459

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